The Bronze Age is a time largely unknown to the general public. Ancient Egypt is more familiar to us, but historical and archaeological research renews our vision of this civilization which has fascinated Europeans for several centuries. Les Éditions Faton is offering two new issues of Dossiers d´Archéologie. Issue 393 features a feature entitled Egypt, New Discoveries, while the last special issue is devoted to the Neo-Hittite States and the exhibition dedicated to them at the Louvre.
Egypt, a civilization to rediscover
In recent years, we have witnessed a profound historiographical, archaeological and bibliographical renewal on this civilization. Issue 393 of Dossiers d’Archéologie provides an update on recent archaeological discoveries. In addition to the introductory article, the contribution on Karnak shows the importance of long-term studies and the historicization of emblematic Egyptian archaeological sites in order to better understand historical developments. Raphaël Angevin reviews the emergence of the state and of the Pharaonic civilization. The question of the construction and the structure of the pyramid of Khufu is the subject of three articles. Indeed, the discovery of a hauling system, papyrus in the Red Sea and the famous "ScanPyramids Big Void" opens a certain number of perspectives but also questions.
The Egyptian tombs occupy a large part of this number such as that of Kaires in Abousir, of Sesostris III in Abydos or even of the Theban necropolis of Dra Abou el-Naga. The excavation of the houses of the Middle Kingdom on the island of Elephantine provides a better understanding of the daily life of the Egyptians. Finally, the last two contributions address the question of religion in Egypt, whether in high antiquity with the million-year-old temple of Amenhotep III in Thebes or in late antiquity with the remains of Baouît, a Coptic monastery. in Middle Egypt. As usual, the dossier deals with a certain number of current events and in particular the “Bonae Memoriae” exhibition at the Antiquaille de Lyon on the first Christians of Lyon and the conference organized by the Fondation de la Maison de la Chimie on Alexandria and Chemistry in Antiquity. We can also note the presence of an article on the questioning of the prehistory / history distinction by Pascale Binant.
Forgotten kingdoms, from the Hittite Empire to the Aramaeans
In connection with the Louvre exhibition "Forgotten Kingdoms. From the Hittite Empire to the Aramaeans ”from May 2, 2019 to August 12, 2019, the Dossiers d'Archéologie propose to take stock of the neo-Hittite city-states and kingdoms from the 12th to the 7th century BC using rich iconography. These states, heirs to the Hittite Empire, perpetuate Hittite traditions and cultural references while having their own characteristics (the adoption and gradual dissemination of Aramaic in this space is imperative). On such a little-known subject, the issue opens with a series of articles on the historical context and the exhibition. It also offers many synthetic boxes in order to better understand the subject. Following an article on the Hittite kings and queens to whom the Hittite kingdoms are heirs, the issue tackles a number of themes and topics about the art of these states.
Monumental art is characteristic of those states that Alessandra Gilibert recontextualizes to better understand it. Hybrid creatures also have a large place in the public works of neo-Hittite art, as Aurélien De Maillot shows. The question of Hittite religion is also addressed in three articles devoted to excavations or sites related to these states such as Zincirli and Arslantepe, capitals of neo-Hittite kingdoms or the temple of the storm god near Aleppo. . Funeral monuments and ivories are the subject of a contribution. This issue does not fail to shed light on the demise of these states and discusses its transition with the rise of the Assyrian Empire.
A pleasant portfolio completes the dossier and offers reproductions and explanations of the masterpieces of the Louvre exhibition.
Egypt, new discoveries, Dossiers d'Archéologie n ° 393, May June 2019. On newsstands and by subscription.