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The sanitary rules of meat in the Middle Ages
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The sanitary rules of meat in the Middle Ages

Today, the health crises - mad cow disease, foot-and-mouth disease, avian influenza - in the meat industry raise questions about the regulations of the food chain. Indeed, from the Middle Ages, fear of the unhealthy and corrupt led the West to put under surveillance and to legislate on food, especially on meat in order to prevent any potential risk.

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The Struggle for the Frontier States: Missouri

Far from the East Coast and what was then the heart of the country, bordering the Wild West, Missouri was no less affected primarily by the emerging civil war. In fact, it found itself in a situation very similar to that of Kentucky: that of a state of just under 1.2 million people, including a relatively small proportion of slaves, both attached to the southern culture and its presence within the Union.
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Toussaint Louverture (1743-1803) - Biography

Toussaint Louverture is a complex figure often considered today as the founder of the Haitian nation. Herald of the abolition of slavery and organizer of forced labor in the sugar plantations, staunch supporter of freedom and initiator of a constitution that gave him quasi-monarchical power, claiming to be within the French sphere of influence but arming himself with the English, beginning his career in the service of Spain before turning against his former allies.
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Proclamation of the emancipation of slaves in the United States (1863)

Le gouvernement fédéral américain fait paraître le 1er janvier 1863 à Washington la proclamation d’émancipation : un texte qui, ni plus ni moins, affranchissait sans autre forme de procès les esclaves noirs du Sud. Les États concernés figuraient nommément dans la proclamation. La proclamation d& 39;émancipation marqua un changement radical de la politique du président Lincoln.
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The Carolingian aula of Doué-la-Fontaine

Doué-la-Fontaine is a commune in the Maine-et-Loire department located south-east of Angers and south-west of Saumur. The territory has been occupied since Neolithic times and is located at the crossroads of several Roman roads, in particular the Angers-Poitiers road. In Carolingian times, Doué belonged to the kingdom of Aquitaine.
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Capes: The prince and the arts in France and Italy (Brizay ...)

"The prince and the arts in France and in Italy between the 14th and 18th centuries": such is the new question of History entered this year within the framework of the national competition of Capes (Certificate of aptitude for the professorship of the secondary education, editor's note). For the first time in the history of this famous competition, two periods are treated in the same subject of study: medieval history and modern history.
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The Battle of Shiloh, April 6-7, 1862

Page 2 sur 2Une estafette part aussitôt annoncer à Beauregard qu’il commande désormais l’armée du Mississippi. Au même moment, l’attaque contre l’aile gauche nordiste cesse complètement. Cette simultanéité sera abondamment commentée après guerre, notamment par les tenants de la « Cause Perdue », un courant historiographique animé par d’anciens généraux et dirigeants sudistes et défendant l’idée que la Confédération aurait pu gagner la guerre.
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Hugo name: origin, history, etymology and meaning

Long less used than its derivative Hugues, the first name Hugo enjoyed a popularity record between the 1990s and 2000s. The Hugo is celebrated on April 1, the day of Saint Hugues, who ruled the abbey of Cluny in the 11th century. and etymology of the first name HugoThe first name Hugo is the Latin transcription of a personal name of Germanic origin, formed from the root & 34; hug & 34; which means & 34; spirit & 34; or & 34; thought & 34 ;.
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The Legend of Hercules - film (2014)

On March 19, a 3D neo-peplum was released on our screens that tackled Greek mythology through the legend of Hercules. After at the beginning of the year already two mediocre productions of the same genre - Pompeii and 300: the birth of an empire -, The legend of Hercules succeeds in the feat of surpassing them to sign most certainly the consignment. one of the worst movies of the year or one of its greatest babes!
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Knight of Eon, King's Secret Agent (A-S Sylvestre)

The knight of Eon, a man, a woman, a mixture of the two? This atypical character from the 18th century really existed during the reign of Louis XV. Secret agent, ambassador, dragon, involved as much in the politics of the Great as in the intrigues of the Court, he has passed into posterity ... because of his gender.
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The knight of Lorraine, the damned soul of Monsieur

Philippe de Lorraine, the damned soul of Monsieur, of beautiful appearance and by his status of Favorite, will schem all his life to obtain all the favors and work so that Monsieur does not trust anyone, let alone his two wives. Certainly a good warrior, he got into trouble with Henrietta of England and was accused of her death; he then goes after the Princess Palatine; to make matters worse, he initiates the King's son into Italian vice until he loses all his possessions obtained and dies one day of apoplexy.
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Expo: Picasso and the war, focus on the 1930s

Until July 28, 2019, the Musée des Invalides in Paris is presenting an exhibition devoted to Picasso and the war, focusing on the 1930s. Witness to all the tragic events that shook the world from the end of the 19th century to the 1970s , Picasso and his work will have been strongly influenced by wars, if only his most famous composition, Guernica.
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La Bérézina. November 1812 - BD

After Valmy (1792) and Castillon (1453), the third volume of the "Champs d & 39; Honneur" collection is devoted to the most famous episode of the tragic retreat from Russia: the battle of Berezina which saw the L & 39; ; Napoleonic army escape the Russian army in November 1812. Through the crossed gazes of an emigrant in the service of the Tsar and of a surgeon of the Grand Army, Thierry Gloris invites us to relive those tragic hours of France. 39; History of France.
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Castle-Museum of communication (Angers)

Located in the agglomeration of Angers, within the domain of Pignerolle, the Château-Musée de la communication d & 39; Angers has been offering since 1992 an educational and interactive vision of the history of the means of communication. The innovations exhibited constitute a total of 1300 devices, including among others radio sets, television sets, telegraphs.
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Lincoln, the man who saved the United States (B. Vincent)

Lincoln is a major figure in American history. Cinema has particularly taken hold of this figure in recent years for better or for worse. The lumberjack president with a singular physique and who abolished slavery at the cost of a civil war has been the subject of very many biographies and works (16,000 works according to Thomas J.
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1515, the invention of the Renaissance (N. Le Roux)

1515 is a fetish landmark date in national history known to many French people. But beyond the date so easy to remember, who knows the stakes of the Battle of Marignan? For the 500th anniversary of this event, Nicolas Le Roux invites us to rediscover this memorial monument and much more in his book 1515 - L & 39; invention de la Renaissance published by Editions Armand Colin.
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Michelangelo's David: a mythical sculpture

“There is no doubt that, of all modern and ancient works, Greek or Roman, Michelangelo's David wins the prize. Once you have seen it, it becomes unnecessary to look at another sculpture or the work of another artist ". This is how Vasari spoke of the masterpiece sculpted from 1501 to 1504 by the illustrious Michelangelo, a work inspired by the Bible and antiquity to better exalt the civic virtues of the Florentine Republic.
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Favorites, cute and super cute of the king in the 16th century

In general memory, sideburns, cute, super cute are names evocative of scandal and used in mocking and degrading ways, especially during the reign of Henry III! And yet, kings, queens, high-ranking figures very often surrounded themselves with a favorite, the person of confidence, the intimate friend, showered with favors, whose political influence was more or less important.
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The Cherkassy-Korsun cauldron. (J. Lopez)

After his works on Stalingrad, Kursk and Berlin, the journalist and historian Jean Lopez tackles this time a less famous episode of the German-Soviet war, namely the battle for the "cauldron" of Cherkassy-Korsun, put in the context more offensive to seize control of the Dnieper (September 1943-February 1944).
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